10 Best Catfish Baits: Live and Artificial

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Written By Donny Karr

Donny Karr is a Tournament Angler with more than 20 years of fishing experience and a writer whose work has been featured in magazines for over a decade. He is a member of the Outdoor Writers Association of America. He enjoys bass and crappie fishing in the lakes around the south-eastern United States. He also fishes for trout in the streams and rivers of the Appalachian mountains. Donny has written for Georgia Outdoor News, Paddling Space, Man Can Outdoors, Alabama Outdoor News, and Bassmaster.

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The best channel catfish bait includes cut bait (fish chunks), live bait (minnows, shad, or bluegill), stink baits, dip baits, chicken liver, and nightcrawlers. Choose bait based on local availability, fishing conditions, and personal preferences, as catfish can be opportunistic feeders with varying tastes.

Catfish are one of the most popular freshwater fish in North America as they come in various species and can grow to massive sizes. You can find catfish in just about any large lake or river system, as they can thrive on various creatures that live in these freshwater environments. It isn’t necessarily hard to target catfish since they are known to bite a wide variety of different types of bait, but an angler must have a decent understanding of these fish if they want to catch them consistently. 

When fishing for catfish, you can expect to catch most catfish species on some of the most popular live baits that anglers normally use, such as shad, worms, and other natural baits. However, certain types of catfish are known to have specific feeding patterns and food preferences that are unlike their counterparts. 

Catfish BaitEffectiveness
Cut Bait (e.g., shad, herring)⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Live Bait (e.g., bluegill, minnows)⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Chicken Liver⭐⭐⭐⭐
Prepared Stink Baits⭐⭐⭐⭐
Punch Baits⭐⭐⭐⭐
Hot Dogs or Sausage⭐⭐⭐
Dough Baits⭐⭐⭐
Canned Sweet Corn⭐⭐
Donny Karr with Catfish

Serious catfish anglers have developed a strategic approach to fishing for each of the three main types of North American catfish. Some of these techniques might land a blue catfish, or a channel catfish, but you can often narrow down exactly what type of catfish you’re after by selecting a specific bait and varying the size of your bait. 

Here’s our list for the best catfish baits you can use to catch each of these three types of catfish consistently. Some of these baits might be more ideal for specific types of catfish, so pay attention and ensure that you are using the right bait for the fish you’re going after. 

1. Chicken Livers 

Chicken livers are undoubtedly one of the best catfish baits you can use in almost any environment. This is a great choice of bait for beginners who are new to fishing or catfishing as it is very effective when it comes to drawing in catfish of all kinds. You’re most likely to catch channel catfish on chicken livers, but blue catfish and even the occasional flathead catfish will also be attracted to this bait due to the strong, meaty smell that it puts into the water. 

One of the main downsides to using chicken liver is that it can sometimes be hard to keep on the hook. If you’re not careful when casting, it’s easy to launch your bait off of the hook before it hits the water. Most experienced anglers recommend using a treble hook as this will allow you to hook the bait through multiple points and keep it more secure. 

You can also toughen chicken liver up by leaving it in the sun for a short while during warm weather. Once you start catching catfish on chicken livers, you can expect a swarm of them vying to bite the hook and even pulling the bait off. Be sure to bring along plenty of thawed chicken liver if you plan to fish for an entire night or day. 

Chicken livers are our recommendation as the best catfish bait.

Chicken Livers for Catfish Bait

2. Nightcrawlers

Another ideal bait for catfish are nightcrawlers. These are readily available at most bait shops, gas stations, and big box stores selling gear and tackle. Nightcrawlers are an excellent choice for catching channel catfish, but will also lure in an occasional bite from both blue and flathead catfish. 

There are a variety of different ways you can use nightcrawlers and some will be more effective than others depending on the weather and what time of year you happen to be fishing in. You can also opt for red wigglers and just about any other type of worm for catching a mess of channel catfish. 

One of the only drawbacks to using nightcrawlers is that they are sometimes hard to keep on the hook. In most cases, the larger the worm, the easier it is to keep on the hook. 

Nightcrawlers as Catfish Bait

3. Berkley PowerBait Catfish Chunks

If you’re looking for a simple and effective bait for catfish of all kinds, Berkley PowerBait Catfish Chunks is an excellent choice. This smelly dough has been one of the most powerful catfish baits on the market for a number of years and it’s one of the easiest for beginner anglers to use as you’re able to mold it onto the hook. 

According to Berkley, these dough balls are specially formulated to attract catfish using certain scents that are likely to draw them in faster than natural baits. They’re sold in blood, liver, and fish scents that are all highly effective. 

One of the main problems anglers run into with using PowerBait Catfish Chunks is that fish often pull these soft dough balls off the hook if the bait is too soft. Be sure to use your hands to tightly pack the bait onto the hook and you should have no problem catching plenty of catfish in the right conditions. 

4. Catfish Charlie Wildcat Pre-Made Dough Bait

Another solid addition to our list of the best catfish baits is Catfish Charlie Wildcat Pre-Made Dough Bait. This is very similar to other dough ball style baits, but has a slightly different formula and consistency than other brands. The Wildcat Dough Bait comes in five different scent selections: cheese, blood, liver, full stringer, and shad. 

Some anglers prefer to use treble hooks with dough style baits like this, but it’s often unnecessary. If the bait is in good condition, you can run a hook through and sometimes use your fingers to press the dough down onto the hook more firmly to ensure that it doesn’t get pulled off the hook easily. 

catfish charlie pre made bait

5. Crawfish 

This style of bait might come with a pinch, but crawfish are generally expected to be the staple of a catfish’s diet in rivers and lakes. There are a wide variety of species of crawfish living throughout North America, but catfish are not known to be picky in eating these small creatures. 

If you’re unfamiliar with crawfish, they are very similar to a lobster, but live in freshwater creeks, rivers, and lakes year-round. Most fish will not hesitate to eat crawfish and these can be an excellent choice of catfish bait for fishing in the daytime when a catfish will quickly recognize the distinct body and behavior of a crawfish. 

One of the main problems most anglers have when using crawfish is that they are often not readily available at bait shops. You can purchase them at certain times of the year in the southeastern United States and they can be caught from late winter until mid-summer in specially-made traps. 

crawfish as catfish bait

6. Catfish Charlie’s Dip Bait

Another option for catfish anglers from the Catfish Charlie’s brand is Catfish Charlie’s Dip Bait. This bait has been around for many years and is commonly used for channel catfish and blue catfish throughout the year. Unlike the dough ball baits we mentioned earlier, the Dip Bait is a more sticky consistency that can be formed into balls, but most anglers prefer to ‘dip’ their baits or rigs down into the material. 

The Dip Bait can effectively be used on various tubes or even plastic worms. It comes in different size buckets, as well as multiple scents that include cheese, blood, and shad. Experienced catfish anglers will often use specialized bait holders to keep this type of bait on their hook once catfish do start biting. 

One of the only downsides to using this bait is that it has a limited shelf life once it’s opened. The cheese and blood scents are believed to be more effective in warm weather while the shad option is usually better for cold weather catfish. 

7. Doc’s Catfish Getter Bait

Another simple and easy-to-use dip-style bait is Doc’s Catfish Getter Bait. This is a must-have addition to our list of the best catfish baits as it is an option catfishing enthusiasts have relied upon for decades. The Doc’s company has been in business since 1927, which means they have managed to effectively produce quality baits for nearly a century. 

This type of bait is very similar to other dip baits, but is one that seems to be most effective when fresh—shortly after purchasing. The Catfish Getter Bait comes in three distinct scents that are clearly labeled for the time of year they are expected to be most effective. The bait bucket container will list the scent as either cool-weather, original, or hot weather. 

Like any other dip bait, you can use this type of bait on just about anything with a hook, including worms and bait-holders. 

doc's catfish getter bait

8. Cut Baits

Another great option for catching catfish virtually any time of the year is cut bait. This type of bait might refer to just about any bait fish cut into small chunks that are easier for small or medium-sized catfish to fit in their mouths. Some anglers prefer to use cut bait after letting the bait sit outside in a bucket or other container for a day or two in order to maximize the amount of scent that it will put off in the water. 

Most anglers will choose to catch any small bait fish that happens to bite on a given day and cut the bait on the spot for a more fresh approach. This will allow more blood and other fish parts to spread out and be detected in the water. If you happen to take this approach, be sure that you’re not illegally using certain species of fish as bait since some states prohibit using species like crappie or other game fish. 

As you might expect, cutting bait is an almost surefire way to attract other species of fish and even turtles. However, there’s not much else you can do except reel in your catch and discard the species you’re not targeting. 

catfish cut bait

9. Magic Big Blue Dough

If you like to use dough baits, you’ll certainly need to try Magic Big Blue Dough. Some anglers prefer this type of dough bait while others will attest that there are other brands which are more effective. This is usually considered a great option if the bait is fresh and hasn’t been opened. One of the main drawbacks of using a dough bait that’s mass-produced like the Magic Big Blue Dough is that it loses much of its potency after opening the package. 

These baits come in various scents that let you select the one that is ideal for the location and time of year you’re fishing in. This type of dough tends to stay on the hook better than other brands of dough bait, but its overall effectiveness might not be as highly-reviewed as other brands. 

10. Black Salties 

If you’re going after monster flathead catfish, you’ll need to use a shad or other live bait that will not easily die on the end of the hook. The Black Salty is a relatively new minnow that has been scientifically bred and developed to serve as the optimal catfish bait. These small fish are only available at select bait shops around the country, but they are very effective at attracting catfish—especially the predatory flathead. 

Black Salties have an almost unreal ability to stay alive much longer than your average shad or other bait fish. They are known to survive for hours in the water with a hook through their back just behind the dorsal fin. Black Salties are also very strong swimmers; you can usually expect them to move around while you’re fishing. 

These are more expensive than just about any other type of bait, but they are well worth the investment. 

black salties baitfish

Best Bait by Catfish Species

Catfish SpeciesBest Bait
Channel CatfishCut bait (shad, herring, bluegill), stink bait, chicken liver, nightcrawlers, shrimp
Blue CatfishCut bait, live bait (bluegill, shad), shrimp
Flathead CatfishLive bait (bluegill, shad, carp, goldfish)
White CatfishNightcrawlers, minnows, chicken liver, cut bait
Black BullheadNightcrawlers, chicken liver, cut bait, stink bait
Brown BullheadNightcrawlers, chicken liver, cut bait, stink bait
Yellow BullheadNightcrawlers, chicken liver, cut bait, stink bait

You can also consider other catfish baits that we haven’t listed above, such as hot dogs, gizzard shad, dip bait, dough baits, stink bait, punch bait – the list goes on.