Bass fishing is one of the most popular forms of angling in the world for a number of reasons. If you’re looking to get started in the world of bass fishing, there are a few key things you should know before you begin.
We’ve compiled this article to help explain the things you need to know, as well as the gear and bait you’ll need to have to get started bass fishing.
This article is part of my Complete Guide to Bass Fishing series that you might be interested in.
Table of Contents
Get the Right Gear
Being a successful fisherman or woman is all about having the right gear for the type of fish you’re going after. When it comes to bass, you’ll need a rod that’s heavy enough to handle the intense fight you’ll get from both largemouth and smallmouth bass. If you’re mostly unfamiliar with fishing, we recommend starting out with a spincast rod and reel combo.
A spincast rod and reel is very easy to use and eliminates a lot of the frustrating things associated with other types of rods and reels, which allows you to focus on casting where you need to and reeling in your catch without issue. There are a number of spincast combos on the market and you can typically purchase a good rod and reel combo for well under $50 in most cases.
Try to get a rod that’s at least 6 feet long and comes with a reel that already has fishing line on the spool. Make sure your rod is medium power as you want to avoid any type of rod that might be too light to handle a large bass.
Baits and Lures
If you’re brand new to the sport of fishing, we encourage you to use live baits like minnows, worms, crickets or something similar. Using live baits will allow you to take the guesswork out of lure selection and let you focus more on finding the right location to fish and picking out the right spots to cast your hook.
Be sure to purchase a few bobbers as this is a crucial item you’ll need for getting started in bass fishing. You’ll want to place the bobber on your fishing line about 18 or 24 inches above the hook. It’s also a good idea to have some small split-shot sinkers placed on the line just a few inches above the hook.
The bobber and sinker will both work to keep your bait in place while you wait on a fish to bite. Using this approach means you won’t have to worry about using artificial lures that require you to make numerous casts and to also have a solid understanding about how to retrieve the lure. When fishing with a live bait setup that utilizes a bobber and sinker, you’ll be able to simplify your approach and get more enjoyment from your time on the water – I have also written a guide on the tackle you need for bass that might help.
Setting Your Drag
The drag is often a part of fishing that many newcomers get confused about. The drag is simply the mechanism inside your reel that provides a consistent level of resistance when something pulls on the other end. Understanding the right level of drag needed for bass fishing might take a while to figure out, but you want to set it at a level that will allow the fish to pull line off of the real, but not too freely.
When you catch a bass, or any other type of fish, it will initially pull and tug at your hook in an effort to get away. Most fish will swim very hard away from the spot where they bit the hook in an effort that many anglers refer to as a ‘run.’ You want to have your drag set at a level where the fish is able to pull some line off of the reel, but also hard enough so the fish will quickly tire out, allowing you to more easily reel it in.
Casting Your Rod
It’s important to have the right technique and mechanics when it comes to casting your fishing rod. A spincast rod and reel is the easiest type of rod to cast since you only have to push a button with your thumb and bring the rod back before casting it forward and letting your thumb off the button as you do so. This will take some practice to master, but thankfully, there are plenty of instructional videos online that will help you get the right motion down.
When to Fish?
Bass are ambush predators, which means that they like to use their surroundings to their advantage when hunting for prey. Bass like to hide under or behind various types of ‘cover’ which they use to disguise themselves from their target before they strike. They always like to feed at dawn and dusk because the low-light situation created by the sun rising and setting allows them to do a better job of hiding themselves.
It’s best to go fishing early in the morning or late in the evening throughout the year. Bass, as well as most other types of fish like to feed during this time since it isn’t too bright, but they also like to take advantage of the cooler water temperatures of dawn and dusk during hot weather.
Look for Cover or Structure
Bass love to stay in or very close to cover. This cover, which is also referred to as structure, might be trees that have fallen into the water, a submerged brush pile, rock pile, standing timber, stumps, docks, piers or any other type of object that provides shade or a place for bass to hide from their prey.
There are also other types of cover in the form of vegetation like underwater grass, moss, lily pads, and virtually any type of thick growth that bass can hide in. This type of cover allows them to hide from any potential predators while also helping them remain hidden from unsuspecting prey.
Another key to finding out where bass will hide is to identify depth changes in any type of waterway you’re fishing. Bass like to stay near any type of area where the water depth rapidly changes. This includes steep banks, ledges, holes, channels, holes and cliffs where bass like to stage and strike at any unsuspecting prey.
Pay Attention to Water Temperature
Believe it or not, bass are a lot like humans when it comes to their comfort level when it gets overly hot or cold outside. Any sharp change in the water temperature will affect bass behavior at different times of the year. If it’s too hot or cold, bass tend to retreat to deeper water in most lakes or ponds.
In the summer, bass like to stay in the shallow waters while it’s dark, but will usually move towards deeper water once the sun comes up and it gets hot outside. When the water temperatures cool off in the fall, bass will become more active and can be caught in the shallow portions of most waterways.
In winter, bass will venture into deep water, which provides a bit of insulation from the colder temperatures near the surface. A lake always freezes from the top-down, so the colder it gets, the deeper a bass will go.
When the water temps start to warm up in the spring, bass will begin their annual feeding frenzy in preparation for the spawn. Fishing the spawn is very exciting and is the best time of the year to catch trophy-sized bass.
Practice Makes Perfect
If you’re going to become a successful bass angler, the best thing you can do is to get out there and practice. It’s important that you read the right educational material and watch videos on the subject of bass fishing, but you’ll gain the most useful knowledge from being out there and catching fish yourself.